Defining Foreign Influence and Interference

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

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The purpose of this article is threefold. First, it reviews the state of the contemporary debate. Starting with the review of existing strategic frameworks, it focuses on the main trends in existing denotative approaches to foreign influence and interference. Second, it critically analyzes existing concepts and approaches, identifying common gaps and misconceptualizations. Finally, based on the review and critical analysis, it builds the conceptual framework by constructing separate definitions of foreign influence and foreign interference, thus offering a better understanding of the difference between these two phenomena.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
Specialist publicationINSS Special Publication
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2024


  • Foreign Influence
  • Foreign Interference
  • Hybrid Warfare
  • Gray Zone
  • Strategic Communications


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