Deforming a preoperative volume to represent the intraoperative scene

G P Penney, J A Little, J Weese, D L Hill, D J Hawkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Soft-tissue deformation can be a problem if a preoperative modality is used to help guide a surgical or interventional procedure. We present a method that can warp a preoperative CT image to represent the intraoperative scene shown by an interventional fluoroscopy image. The method is a novel combination of a 2D-3D image registration algorithm and a deformation algorithm that allows rigid bodies to be incorporated into a nonlinear deformation based on radial basis functions. The 2D-3D registration algorithm is used to obtain information on relative vertebral movements between preoperative and intraoperative images. The deformation algorithm uses this information to warp the preoperative image to represent the intraoperative scene more accurately. Images from an aortic stenting procedure were used. The observed deformation in our experiment was 5 degrees flexion and 5 mm lengthening of the lumbar spine over a distance of four vertebrae. The vertebral positions in the warped CT volume represent the intraoperative scene more accurately than in the preoperative CT volume. Although we had no gold standard with which to assess the registration accuracy of soft-tissue structures, the position of such structures within the warped CT volume appeared visually realistic. Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63 - 73
Number of pages11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002


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