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Dementia prevalence, care arrangement, and access to care in Lebanon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kieu T.T. Phung, Monique Chaaya, Martin Prince, Samir Atweh, Khalil El Asmar, Georges Karam, Rose Mary Khoury, Lilian Ghandour, Husam Ghusn, Rune T. Nielsen, Gunhild Waldemar

Original languageEnglish
JournalAlzheimer's & Dementia
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Jun 2017

King's Authors

Abstract

Introduction: In North Africa and the Middle East, studies about dementia prevalence are scarce. The Arabic-validated 10/66 Dementia Research Group diagnostic assessment was used to assess the prevalence of dementia in Lebanon in a population-based study. The study also examined care arrangement and access to care.

Methods: A random sample of 502 persons older than 65 years and their informant were recruited from Beirut and Mount Lebanon governorates through multistage cluster sampling.

Results: The crude dementia prevalence was 7.4%, and age-standardized dementia prevalence was 9.0%. People with dementia were mainly cared for by relatives at home. Access to formal care was very limited.

Discussion: Dementia prevalence in Lebanon ranks high within the global range of estimates. These first evidence-based data about disease burden and barriers to care serve to raise awareness and call for social and health care reform to tackle the dementia epidemic in Lebanon and in North Africa and the Middle East.

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