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Demystifying Moral Damages in International Investment Arbitration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417–450
Number of pages34
JournalThe Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals
Issue number3
Published27 Nov 2020

King's Authors


Claims for compensation of material damages in investment arbitration are well known – they are part of every dispute. Tribunals deal extensively with such claims and do not accord much attention to another type of damages: moral damages. Until today, no uniform solution has been found. There seems to be stark disagreement between arbitral tribunals on how to deal with a claim for moral damages. This article sheds light on moral damages and proposes a possible solution under international law. To this end, it introduces the concept of moral damages and its history in international disputes. After having set out such general overview, it then applies the concept to investment arbitration by analysing five issues arbitral tribunals have been faced with when confronted by a claim for moral damages. Finally, it comments on the most prominent awards and provides an outlook for a possible solution.

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