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Depression and quality of life in hospitalised patients with congestive heart failure (CHF): A cross-sectional study from Karachi, Pakistan: Abstracts of the 24rd European Congress of Psychiatry

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M. Husain, K. Tayyeba, B. Fatima, S.U.H. Ansari, R. Rahman, I.B. Chaudhry, N. Husain

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S390
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume33
Issue numberSupplement
DOIs
PublishedMar 2016

King's Authors

Abstract

Introduction:
There is strong association between depression and mortality rates among patients with CHF. Despite the massive burden of cardiac disease as well as that of depression in Pakistan, there is limited data regarding the prevalence of depression in patients suffering from CHF. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of depression in patients with CHF and to compare the health related quality of life of depressed and non-depressed patients with CHF.

Methods:
A total of 1009 patients diagnosed with CHF were recruited from different public hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. Depression was assessed at baseline using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and health related quality of life was assessed using Euro Qol (EQ-5D).

Results:
Of the 1009 participants recruited to the study, 66.4% (n = 670) met the threshold for depression using the BDI measure. Of the depressed patients, 66.7% (n = 447) were male. Preliminary results indicate that participants who were depressed at baseline had poorer health related quality of life on EQ-5D measures as compared to those who were non-depressed (mean EQ-5D descriptive score 10.45 in depressed patients vs 7.37 in non-depressed patients and mean EQ-5D visual scale score 35.09 in depressed patients vs 52.19 in non-depressed patients).

Conclusion:
Considering the high prevalence of depression and its serious negative impact on quality of life of patients suffering from chronic physical illness, it is important to design and test culturally adapted psychosocial interventions to reduce depression and improve quality of life for these patients.

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