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Depression and Synaptic Zinc Regulation in Alzheimer Disease, Dementia with Lewy Bodies, and Parkinson Disease Dementia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

David R Whitfield, Julie Vallortigara, Amani Alghamdi, Tibor Hortobágyi, Clive Ballard, Alan J Thomas, John T O'Brien, Dag Aarsland, Paul T Francis

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalThe American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

King's Authors

Abstract

Objective
Depression is a common symptom in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), and Alzheimer disease (AD), yet its molecular basis remains unclear and current antidepressants do not appear to be effective. Cerebral zinc has been implicated in depression and synaptic dysfunction. We investigated the relationship between synaptic zinc regulation (for which zinc transporter 3 [ZnT3] is responsible) and depression in a large clinicopathologic study.

Methods
We examined brains from people with PDD (N = 29), DLB (N = 27), and AD (N = 15) and comparison subjects without depression or dementia (N = 24). Individuals were categorized according to the presence and severity of depression (on a scale of 0–3) based on standardized assessments during life (principally Neuropsychiatric Inventory). Western blotting was used to determine ZnT3 levels in Brodmann area 9 (BA9), and regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between ZnT3 and depression.

Results
Reductions in ZnT3 in BA9 were significantly associated with elevated depression scores in the study cohort (β = −0.351, df = 93, t = −3.318 p = 0.0004). This association remained when only individuals with DLB, PDD, and no dementia or depression were examined (β = −0.347, df = 78, t = −3.271, p = 0.002) or only individuals with AD and no dementia or depression were examined (β = −0.433, df = 37, t = −2.924, p = 0.006).

Conclusion
Although decreased zinc levels have been implicated in the genesis of depression in animal models and in major depressive disorder in humans, this study provides the first evidence of a role for zinc in depression in people with dementia and highlights zinc metabolism as a therapeutic target.

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