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Detection of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity using perfusion-corrected 99mTc sestamibi SPECT

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number216
Pages (from-to)216-227
Number of pages11
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Early online date18 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Abstract

By the time cardiotoxicity-associated cardiac dysfunction is detectable by echocardiography it is often beyond meaningful intervention. 99mTc-sestamibi is used clinically to image cardiac perfusion by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, but as a lipophilic cation its distribution is also governed by mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). Correcting scans for variations in perfusion (using a ΔΨm-independent perfusion tracer such as (bis(N-ethoxy-N-ethyldithiocarbamato)nitrido 99mTc(V)) (99mTc-NOET) could allow 99mTc-sestamibi to be repurposed to specifically report on ΔΨm as a readout of evolving cardiotoxicity. Isolated rat hearts were perfused within a γ-detection apparatus to characterize the pharmacokinetics of 99mTc-sestamibi and 99mTc-NOET in response to mitochondrial perturbation by hypoxia, ionophore (CCCP) or doxorubicin. All interventions induced 99mTc-sestamibi washout; hypoxia from 24.9 ± 2.6% ID to 0.4 ± 6.2%, CCCP from 22.8 ± 2.5% ID to −3.5 ± 3.1%, and doxorubicin from 23.0 ± 2.2% ID to 17.8 ± 0.7, p 

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