Determinants of cough in young adults participating in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey

C Janson, S Chinn, D Jarvis, P Burney, European Community Respiratory Health Survey

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148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cough is a common symptom that affects a large proportion of the general population. The aim of this investigation was to identify determinants of nocturnal, nonproductive and productive cough in population samples from different countries. In a cross-sectional international population survey, 18,277 subjects (20-48 yrs) from 16 countries answered an interview-led questionnaire. Total and specific immunoglobulin-E was measured and spirometry was performed. Three types of cough were defined: nocturnal, nonproductive and productive cough. The relation of the independent variables to cough was estimated by means of logistic regression for each centre or country and combined across centre or country by random-effects meta-analysis. The median prevalence of nocturnal, nonproductive and productive cough in the different centres was 30.7%, 10.2% and 10.2%, respectively. Nocturnal and nonproductive cough were related to female sex (adjusted odds ratio (OR)=2.08 and 1.27, respectively), while nocturnal and productive cough were related to rhinitis (OR=1.46 and 1.61, respectively). All three types of cough were related to asthma, tobacco smoking, environmental tobacco smoke and obesity. Females are more likely to report nocturnal and nonproductive cough than males. Cough was related to treatable disorders, like asthma and rhinitis, as well a avoidable. factors, such as tobacco smoking and environmental tobacco smoke.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647 - 654
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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