Dickkopf-1 regulates gastrulation movements by coordinated modulation of Wnt/bcatenin and Wnt/PCP activities through interaction with the Dally-like homolog Knypek

Luca Caneparo, Ya-Lin Huang, Nicole Staudt, Masa Tada, Reiner Ahrendt, Christof Niehrs, Corinne Houart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dickkopf-1 (Dkk1) is a secreted protein that negatively modulates the Wnt/ catenin pathway. Lack of Dkk1 function affects head formation in frog and mice, supporting the idea that Dkk1 acts as a “head inducer” during gastrulation. We show here that lack of Dkk1 function accelerates internalization and rostral progression of the mesendoderm and that gain of function slows down both internalization and convergence extension, indicating a novel role for Dkk1 in modulating these movements. The motility phenotype found in the morphants is not observed in embryos in which the Wnt/ catenin pathway is overactivated, and that dominant-negative Wnt proteins are not able to rescue the gastrulation movement defect induced by absence of Dkk1. These data strongly suggest that Dkk1 is acting in a catenin independent fashion when modulating gastrulation movements. We demonstrate that the glypican 4/6 homolog Knypek (Kny) binds to Dkk1 and that they are able to functionally interact in vivo. Moreover, Dkk1 regulation of gastrulation movements is kny dependent. Kny is a component of the Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway. We found that indeed Dkk1 is able to activate this pathway in both Xenopus and zebrafish. Furthermore, concomitant alteration of the beta-catenin and PCP activities is able to mimic the morphant accelerated cell motility phenotype. Our data therefore indicate that Dkk1 regulates gastrulation movement through interaction with LRP5/6 and Kny and coordinated modulations of Wnt/ catenin and Wnt/PCP pathways.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465 - 480
Number of pages16
JournalGenes and Development
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2007

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