Differential effects of teriparatide on regional bone formation using (18)F-fluoride positron emission tomography

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Teriparatide increases skeletal mass, bone turnover markers, and bone strength, but local effects on bone tissue may vary between skeletal sites. We used positron emission tomography (PET) to study (18)F-fluoride plasma clearance (K(i)) at the spine and standardized uptake values (SUVs) at the spine, pelvis, total hip, and femoral shaft in 18 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Subjects underwent a 1-hour dynamic scan of the lumbar spine and a 10-minute static scan of the pelvis and femurs at baseline and after 6 months of treatment with 20 µg/day teriparatide. Blood samples were taken to derive the arterial input function and lumbar spine K(i) values evaluated using a three-compartment model. SUVs were calculated for the spine, pelvis, total hip, and femoral shaft. After 6 months treatment with teriparatide, spine K(i) values increased by 24% (p = .0003), while other model parameters were unchanged except for the fraction of tracer going to bone mineral (k(3)/[k(2) + k(3)]), which increased by 23% (p = .0006). In contrast to K(i) , spine SUVs increased by only 3% (p = .84). The discrepancy between changes in K(i) and SUVs was explained by a 20% decrease in (18)F(-) plasma concentration. SUVs increased by 37% at the femoral shaft (p = .0019), 20% at the total hip (p = .032), and 11% at the pelvis (p = .070). Changes in bone turnover markers and BMD were consistent with previous trials. We conclude that the changes in bone formation rate during teriparatide treatment as measured by (18)F(-) PET differ at different skeletal sites, with larger increases in cortical bone than at trabecular sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002 - 1011
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2011


  • Bone Remodeling
  • Bone and Bones
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Teriparatide
  • Humans
  • Aged
  • Demography
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • Bone Density
  • Middle Aged
  • Fluorides
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Biological Markers
  • Female
  • Osteogenesis


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