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Distinct Sarcomeric Substrates Are Responsible for Protein Kinase D-mediated Regulation of Cardiac Myofilament Ca2+ Sensitivity and Cross-bridge Cycling

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Sonya C. Bardswell, Friederike Cuello, Alexandra J. Rowland, Sakthivel Sadayappan, Jeffrey Robbins, Mathias Gautel, Jeffery W. Walker, Jonathan C. Kentish, Metin Avkiran

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5674 - 5682
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number8
Published19 Feb 2010

King's Authors


Protein kinase D (PKD), a serine/threonine kinase with emerging cardiovascular functions, phosphorylates cardiac troponin I (cTnI) at Ser(22)/Ser(23), reduces myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity, and accelerates cross-bridge cycle kinetics. Whether PKD regulates cardiac myofilament function entirely through cTnI phosphorylation at Ser(22)/Ser(23) remains to be established. To determine the role of cTnI phosphorylation at Ser(22)/Ser(23) in PKD-mediated regulation of cardiac myofilament function, we used transgenic mice that express cTnI in which Ser(22)/Ser(23) are substituted by nonphosphorylatable Ala (cTnI-Ala(2)). In skinned myocardium from wild-type (WT) mice, PKD-increased cTnI phosphorylation at Ser(22)/Ser(23) and decreased the Ca2+ sensitivity of force. In contrast, PKD had no effect on the Ca2+ sensitivity of force in myocardium from cTnI-Ala(2) mice, in which Ser(22)/Ser(23) were unavailable for phosphorylation. Surprisingly, PKD accelerated cross-bridge cycle kinetics similarly in myocardium from WT and cTnI-Ala(2) mice. Because cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C) phosphorylation underlies cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA)-mediated acceleration of cross-bridge cycle kinetics, we explored whether PKD phosphorylates cMyBP-C at its PKA sites, using recombinant C1C2 fragments with or without site-specific Ser/Ala substitutions. Kinase assays confirmed that PKA phosphorylates Ser(273), Ser(282), and Ser(302), and revealed that PKD phosphorylates only Ser(302). Furthermore, PKD phosphorylated Ser(302) selectively and to a similar extent in native cMyBP-C of skinned myocardium from WT and cTnI-Ala(2) mice, and this phosphorylation occurred throughout the C-zones of sarcomeric A-bands. In conclusion, PKD reduces myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity through cTnI phosphorylation at Ser(22)/Ser(23) but accelerates cross-bridge cycle kinetics by a distinct mechanism. PKD phosphorylates cMyBP-C at Ser(302), which may mediate the latter effect.

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