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Distribution of myocardial work in arterial hypertension: insights from non-invasive left ventricular pressure-strain relations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Filip Loncaric, Maciej Marciniak, Loredana Nunno, Maria Mimbrero, Joao F. Fernandes, Dora Fabijanovic, Laura Sanchis, Adelina Doltra, Silvia Montserrat, Maja Cikes, Pablo Lamata, Bart Bijnens, Marta Sitges

Original languageEnglish
JournalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING
DOIs
Accepted/In press1 Jan 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

A index of non-invasive myocardial work (MWI) can account for pressure during the assessment of cardiac function, potentially separating the influence of loading conditions from the influence of the underlying tissue remodelling. The aim is to assess LV function accounted for loading and explore hypertensive MWI distribution by comparing healthy individuals to hypertensive patients without and with localized basal septal hypertrophy (BSH). An echocardiogram was performed in 170 hypertensive patients and 20 healthy individuals. BSH was defined by a basal-to-mid septal wall thickness ratio ≥ 1.4. LV speckle-tracking was performed, and the MWI calculated globally and regionally for the apical, mid and basal regions. An apex-to-base gradient, seen in regional strain values, was preserved in the distribution of myocardial work, with the apical region compensating for the impairment of the basal segments. This functional redistribution was further pronounced in patients with localized BSH. In these patients, segmental MWI analysis revealed underlying impairment of regional work unrelated to acute loading conditions. Non-invasive MWI analysis offers the possibility to compare LV function regardless of blood pressure at the time of observation. Changes in MWI distribution can be seen in hypertension unrelated to the load-dependency of strain. Accentuated functional changes affirm the role of BSH as an echocardiographic marker in hypertension.

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