Diverse functions of myosin VI elucidated by an isoform-specific α-helix domain

Hans-Peter Wllscheid, Matteo Biancospino, Fahu He, Elisa Magistrati, Erika Molteni, Michela Lupia, Paolo Soffientini, Klemens Rottner, Ugo Cavallaro, Uberto Pozzoli, Marina Mapelli, Kylie J. Walters, Simona Polo

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35 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Myosin VI functions in endocytosis and cell motility. Alternative splicing of myosin VI mRNA generates two distinct isoform types, myosin VIshort and myosin VIlong, which differ in the C-terminal region. Their physiological and pathological roles remain unknown. Here we identified an isoform-specific regulatory helix, named the α2-linker, that defines specific conformations and hence determines the target selectivity of human myosin VI. The presence of the α2-linker structurally defines a new clathrin-binding domain that is unique to myosin VIlong and masks the known RRL interaction motif. This finding is relevant to ovarian cancer, in which alternative myosin VI splicing is aberrantly regulated, and exon skipping dictates cell addiction to myosin VIshort in tumor-cell migration. The RRL interactor optineurin contributes to this process by selectively binding myosin VIshort. Thus, the α2-linker acts like a molecular switch that assigns myosin VI to distinct endocytic (myosin VIlong) or migratory (myosin VIshort) functional roles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-308
JournalNATURE STRUCTURAL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Volume23
Early online date7 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2016

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