DNA ploidy in proliferative verrucous leukoplakia

P Klanrit, M Sperandio, A L Brown, P J Shirlaw, S J Challacombe, P R Morgan, E W Odell

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71 Citations (Scopus)


Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) is a clinicopathologically distinctive form of oral leukoplakia presenting with multifocal flat, nodular and verrucous lesions that progress inexorably to squamous carcinoma. The aims of this investigation were to describe the clinical and histopathological features of six cases of PVL and to determine whether lesional epithelium demonstrates DNA ploidy anomalies prior to malignant transformation. The clinical and pathological features of six patients were reviewed and all biopsy specimens were subjected to image-based DNA ploidy analysis. The female:male ratio was 5:1 and the average age on first biopsy was 66 years. Only one patient reported both tobacco smoking and alcohol intake. The most frequently affected sites were alveolar ridge and/or gingiva (6/6), buccal mucosa (3/6), palate (3/6), tongue (2/6), buccal sulcus (2/6), and lip (1/6). Three patients developed multiple primary carcinomas, either invasive or verrucous. A ploidy anomaly at any oral site would have predicted malignant transformation in four cases and probably in a fifth for whom DNA ploidy failed to meet diagnostic criteria but was suspicious of aneuploidy. The site of transformation was predicted by ploidy and histopathology for three carcinomas and a further carcinoma showed severe dysplasia and a suspicious ploidy result in adjacent tissue. Both conventional histopathology and DNA ploidy proved effective in predicting the site of transformation in this limited series.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310 - 316
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007


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