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Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition

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Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition. / Shea, Nicholas James; Frith, Chris.

In: Neuroscience of Consciousness, 09.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Shea, NJ & Frith, C 2016, 'Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition', Neuroscience of Consciousness. https://doi.org/10.1093/nc/niw005

APA

Shea, N. J., & Frith, C. (2016). Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition. Neuroscience of Consciousness. https://doi.org/10.1093/nc/niw005

Vancouver

Shea NJ, Frith C. Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition. Neuroscience of Consciousness. 2016 May 9. https://doi.org/10.1093/nc/niw005

Author

Shea, Nicholas James ; Frith, Chris. / Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition. In: Neuroscience of Consciousness. 2016.

Bibtex Download

@article{9416c8899aa04ffd9e83f76bcbdd85c2,
title = "Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for {\textquoteleft}Type Zero{\textquoteright} Cognition",
abstract = "A step towards a theory of consciousness would be to characterise the effect of consciousness on information processing. One set of results suggests that the effect of consciousness is to interfere with computations that are optimally performed non-consciously. Another set of results suggests that conscious, system 2 processing is the home of norm-compliant computation. This is contrasted with system 1 processing, thought to be typically unconscious, which operates with useful but error-prone heuristics.These results can be reconciled by separating out two different distinctions: between conscious and non-conscious representations, on the one hand, and between automatic and deliberate processes, on the other. This pair of distinctions is used to illuminate some existing experimental results and to resolve the puzzle about whether consciousness helps or hinders accurate information processing. This way of resolving the puzzle shows the importance of another category, which we label {\textquoteleft}type 0 cognition{\textquoteright}, characterised by automatic computational processes operating on non-conscious representations.",
keywords = "consciousness, unconscious processing, theories and models, function of consciousness, dual processing",
author = "Shea, {Nicholas James} and Chris Frith",
year = "2016",
month = may,
day = "9",
doi = "10.1093/nc/niw005",
language = "English",
journal = "Neuroscience of Consciousness",
issn = "2057-2107",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition

AU - Shea, Nicholas James

AU - Frith, Chris

PY - 2016/5/9

Y1 - 2016/5/9

N2 - A step towards a theory of consciousness would be to characterise the effect of consciousness on information processing. One set of results suggests that the effect of consciousness is to interfere with computations that are optimally performed non-consciously. Another set of results suggests that conscious, system 2 processing is the home of norm-compliant computation. This is contrasted with system 1 processing, thought to be typically unconscious, which operates with useful but error-prone heuristics.These results can be reconciled by separating out two different distinctions: between conscious and non-conscious representations, on the one hand, and between automatic and deliberate processes, on the other. This pair of distinctions is used to illuminate some existing experimental results and to resolve the puzzle about whether consciousness helps or hinders accurate information processing. This way of resolving the puzzle shows the importance of another category, which we label ‘type 0 cognition’, characterised by automatic computational processes operating on non-conscious representations.

AB - A step towards a theory of consciousness would be to characterise the effect of consciousness on information processing. One set of results suggests that the effect of consciousness is to interfere with computations that are optimally performed non-consciously. Another set of results suggests that conscious, system 2 processing is the home of norm-compliant computation. This is contrasted with system 1 processing, thought to be typically unconscious, which operates with useful but error-prone heuristics.These results can be reconciled by separating out two different distinctions: between conscious and non-conscious representations, on the one hand, and between automatic and deliberate processes, on the other. This pair of distinctions is used to illuminate some existing experimental results and to resolve the puzzle about whether consciousness helps or hinders accurate information processing. This way of resolving the puzzle shows the importance of another category, which we label ‘type 0 cognition’, characterised by automatic computational processes operating on non-conscious representations.

KW - consciousness

KW - unconscious processing

KW - theories and models

KW - function of consciousness

KW - dual processing

U2 - 10.1093/nc/niw005

DO - 10.1093/nc/niw005

M3 - Article

JO - Neuroscience of Consciousness

JF - Neuroscience of Consciousness

SN - 2057-2107

ER -

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