Durability of Resin Cement Bond to Aluminium Oxide and Zirconia Ceramics after Air Abrasion and Laser Treatment

Richard M. Foxton, Andrea N. Cavalcanti, Masatoshi Nakajima, Peter Pilecki, Martyn Sherriff, Luciana Melo, Timothy F. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The erbium laser has been introduced for cutting enamel and dentin and may have an application in the surface modification of high-strength aluminum oxide and zirconia ceramics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the durability of the bond of conventional dual-cured resin cements to Procera Al2O3 and zirconium oxide ceramics after surface treatment with air abrasion and erbium laser. Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty Al2O3 and 120 zirconia specimens measuring 3 x 3 x 0.7 mm(3) were divided equally into three groups, and their surfaces treated as follows: either untreated (controls), air abraded with Al2O3 particles, or erbium-laser-treated at a power setting of 200 mJ. The surface of each specimen was then primed and bonded with one of two dual-cured resin cements (either SCP-100 Ceramic Primer and NAC-100 or Monobond S and Variolink II) using a 1-mm thick Tygon tube mold with a 0.75-mm internal bore diameter. After 24 hours and 6 months of water storage at 37 degrees C, a microshear bond strength test was performed at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Surface morphology was examined using a confocal microscope, and failure modes were observed using an optical microscope. The data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier nonparametric survival analysis. Results: In the case of zirconia, air abrasion and Erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser treatment of the ceramic surface resulted in a significant reduction in the bond strengths of both resin cements after 6 months water storage; however, when the zirconia surface was left untreated, the SCP-100/NAC-100 group did not significantly reduce in bond strength. In the case of alumina, no treatment, air abrasion and Er: YAG laser treatment of the surface led to no significant reduction in the bond strengths of the three SCP-100/NAC-100 groups after 6 months water storage, whereas all three Monobond S/Variolink II groups showed a significant reduction. Conclusion: Er: YAG laser treatment of the zirconia surface did not result in a durable resin cement/ceramic bond; however, a durable bond between a conventional dual-cured resin cement and Procera All Ceram and Procera All Zirkon was formed using a ceramic primer containing the phosphate monomer, MDP, without any additional surface treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84 - 92
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011


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