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Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia: A pilot study applying kernel smoothers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia : A pilot study applying kernel smoothers. / Lin, Chung-Ying; Chang, Chih-Cheng; Wu, Tsung-Hsien; Wang, Jung-Der.

In: Stigma and Health, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2015, p. 29-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Lin, C-Y, Chang, C-C, Wu, T-H & Wang, J-D 2015, 'Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia: A pilot study applying kernel smoothers', Stigma and Health, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 29-43.

APA

Lin, C-Y., Chang, C-C., Wu, T-H., & Wang, J-D. (2015). Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia: A pilot study applying kernel smoothers. Stigma and Health, 1(1), 29-43.

Vancouver

Lin C-Y, Chang C-C, Wu T-H, Wang J-D. Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia: A pilot study applying kernel smoothers. Stigma and Health. 2015;1(1):29-43.

Author

Lin, Chung-Ying ; Chang, Chih-Cheng ; Wu, Tsung-Hsien ; Wang, Jung-Der. / Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia : A pilot study applying kernel smoothers. In: Stigma and Health. 2015 ; Vol. 1, No. 1. pp. 29-43.

Bibtex Download

@article{875dfe7342684b07afa14bc8daf8829b,
title = "Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia: A pilot study applying kernel smoothers",
abstract = "The aims of this study are to verify this sequential structure and to determine if self-stigma is associated with lower quality of life (QoL) and depression. A total of 160 patients with schizophrenia participated in this study. Each completed the Self-Stigma Scale-Short Form (SSS-S), the World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire on the Quality of Life, Brief Form (WHOQOL-BREF), and the Depression and Somatic Symptoms Scale (DSSS) instruments. Dynamic changes of the measures of self-stigma and related QoL were analyzed using a kernel-type smoother. The effects of self-stigma on QoL and depression were assessed using multiple regression models. The dynamic changes of self-stigma scores seem to support a sequential structure. The general pattern is elevated for around 12 months, exceeds 2.5 after 54 months, and reaches a peak of about 90 months after diagnosis of schizophrenia, then declines and appears to be stabilized later on. While the DSSS scores synchronize with those of self-stigma, those of the WHOQOL-BREF seem to show an opposite trend. Self-stigma appears to be a dominator for QoL and depression for people with schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia may develop self-stigma around 1 year after diagnosis. Early detection and management may improve patient QoL and minimize depression. However, the results of this pilot study should be interpreted with caution because of the cross-sectional design.",
keywords = "depression, dynamic changes, schizophrenia, self-stigma, quality of life",
author = "Chung-Ying Lin and Chih-Cheng Chang and Tsung-Hsien Wu and Jung-Der Wang",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "29--43",
journal = "Stigma and Health",
issn = "2376-6972",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic changes of self-stigma, quality of life, somatic complaints, and depression among people with schizophrenia

T2 - A pilot study applying kernel smoothers

AU - Lin, Chung-Ying

AU - Chang, Chih-Cheng

AU - Wu, Tsung-Hsien

AU - Wang, Jung-Der

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The aims of this study are to verify this sequential structure and to determine if self-stigma is associated with lower quality of life (QoL) and depression. A total of 160 patients with schizophrenia participated in this study. Each completed the Self-Stigma Scale-Short Form (SSS-S), the World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire on the Quality of Life, Brief Form (WHOQOL-BREF), and the Depression and Somatic Symptoms Scale (DSSS) instruments. Dynamic changes of the measures of self-stigma and related QoL were analyzed using a kernel-type smoother. The effects of self-stigma on QoL and depression were assessed using multiple regression models. The dynamic changes of self-stigma scores seem to support a sequential structure. The general pattern is elevated for around 12 months, exceeds 2.5 after 54 months, and reaches a peak of about 90 months after diagnosis of schizophrenia, then declines and appears to be stabilized later on. While the DSSS scores synchronize with those of self-stigma, those of the WHOQOL-BREF seem to show an opposite trend. Self-stigma appears to be a dominator for QoL and depression for people with schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia may develop self-stigma around 1 year after diagnosis. Early detection and management may improve patient QoL and minimize depression. However, the results of this pilot study should be interpreted with caution because of the cross-sectional design.

AB - The aims of this study are to verify this sequential structure and to determine if self-stigma is associated with lower quality of life (QoL) and depression. A total of 160 patients with schizophrenia participated in this study. Each completed the Self-Stigma Scale-Short Form (SSS-S), the World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire on the Quality of Life, Brief Form (WHOQOL-BREF), and the Depression and Somatic Symptoms Scale (DSSS) instruments. Dynamic changes of the measures of self-stigma and related QoL were analyzed using a kernel-type smoother. The effects of self-stigma on QoL and depression were assessed using multiple regression models. The dynamic changes of self-stigma scores seem to support a sequential structure. The general pattern is elevated for around 12 months, exceeds 2.5 after 54 months, and reaches a peak of about 90 months after diagnosis of schizophrenia, then declines and appears to be stabilized later on. While the DSSS scores synchronize with those of self-stigma, those of the WHOQOL-BREF seem to show an opposite trend. Self-stigma appears to be a dominator for QoL and depression for people with schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia may develop self-stigma around 1 year after diagnosis. Early detection and management may improve patient QoL and minimize depression. However, the results of this pilot study should be interpreted with caution because of the cross-sectional design.

KW - depression

KW - dynamic changes

KW - schizophrenia

KW - self-stigma

KW - quality of life

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 29

EP - 43

JO - Stigma and Health

JF - Stigma and Health

SN - 2376-6972

IS - 1

ER -

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