Effectiveness of the risk stratification proposed by the 2022 European Heart Rhythm Association Expert Consensus statement on arrhythmic mitral valve prolapse

Wouter L'Hoyes, Tomas Robyns, Sara Moura-Fereira, Pieter De Meester, Tom Dresselaers, Marie Christine Herregods, Filip Rega, Pier Giorgio Masci, Rik Willems, Jan Bogaert, Bert Vandenberk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recently, an expert consensus statement proposed indications where implantation of a primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) may be reasonable in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP). The objective was to evaluate the proposed risk stratification by the expert consensus statement. Methods: Consecutive patients with MVP without alternative arrhythmic substrates with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) were included in a single-center retrospective registry. Arrhythmic MVP (AMVP) was defined as a total premature ventricular complex burden ≥5%, non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), VT, or ventricular fibrillation. The end point was a composite of SCD, VT, inducible VT, and appropriate ICD shocks. Results: In total, 169 patients (52.1% male, median age 51.4 years) were included and 99 (58.6%) were classified as AMVP. Multivariate logistic regression identified the presence of late gadolinium enhancement (OR 2.82, 95%CI 1.45-5.50) and mitral annular disjunction (OR 1.98, 95%CI 1.02-3.86) as only predictors of AMVP. According to the EHRA risk stratification, 5 patients with AMVP (5.1%) had a secondary prevention ICD indication, while in 69 patients (69.7%) the implantation of an ICD may be reasonable. During a median follow-up of 8.0 years (IQR 5.0-15.6), the incidence rate for the composite arrhythmic end point was 0.3%/year (95%CI 0.1-0.8). Conclusion: More than half of MVP patients referred for CMR met the AMVP diagnostic criteria. Despite low long-term event rates, in 70% of patients with AMVP the implantation of an ICD may be reasonable. Risk stratification of SCD in MVP remains an important knowledge gap and requires urgent investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-60
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume266
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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