Effects of high-dose growth hormone on glucose and glycerol metabolism at rest and during exercise in endurance-trained athletes

M L Healy, J Gibney, C Pentecost, P Croos, D L Russell-Jones, P H Sonken, A M Umpleby

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40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Recombinant human-GH (r-hGH), in supraphysiological doses, is self-administered by athletes in the belief that it is performance enhancing. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether r-hGH alters whole-body glucose and glycerol metabolism in endurance-trained athletes at rest and during and after exercise. Design: This was a 4-wk double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Setting: This study was conducted at St. Thomas Hospital (London, UK). Participants: Twelve endurance-trained male athletes were recruited and randomized to r-hGH (0.2 U/kg.d) (n = 6) or identical placebo (n = 6) for 4 wk. One (placebo group) withdrew after randomization. Intervention: Intervention was conducted by randomization to r-hGH (0.2 U/kg.d) or identical placebo for 4 wk. Main Outcome Measures: Whole-body rates of appearance (Ra) of glucose and glycerol (an index of lipolysis) and rate of disappearance of glucose were measured using infusions of D-[6-6-H-2(2)]glucose and H-2(5)-glycerol. Results: Plasma levels of glycerol and free fatty acids and glycerol Ra at rest and during and after exercise increased during r-hGH treatment (P <0.05 vs. placebo). Glucose Ra and glucose rate of disappearance were greater after exercise during r-hGH treatment (P <0.05 vs. placebo). Resting energy expenditure and fat oxidation were greater under resting conditions during r-hGH treatment (P <0.05 vs. placebo). Conclusions: r-hGH in endurance-trained athletes increased lipolysis and fatty acid availability at rest and during and after exercise. r-hGH increased glucose production and uptake rates after exercise. The relevance of these effects for athletic performance is not known
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320 - 327
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

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