Efflux pumps in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and their inhibition to tackle antimicrobial resistance

Mark Laws, Peiqin Jin, Khondaker Miraz Rahman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was the leading cause of mortality worldwide in 2019 due to a single infectious agent. The growing threat of strains of M. tuberculosis untreatable by modern antibiotic regimens only exacerbates this problem. In response to this continued public health emergency, research into methods of potentiating currently approved antimicrobial agents against resistant strains of M. tuberculosis is an urgent priority, and a key strategy in this regard is the design of mycobacterial efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs). This review summarises the current state of knowledge surrounding drug-related efflux pumps in M. tuberculosis and presents recent updates within the field of mycobacterial EPIs with a view to aiding the design of an effective adjunct therapy to overcome efflux-mediated resistance in TB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalTrends in Microbiology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • antimicrobial resistance
  • efflux pump inhibitor
  • efflux pumps
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis

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