Electronic Measurement Techniques for Field Experiments in Process Geomorphology

D. J. Sherman*, C. Houser, A. C W Baas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The processes that shape the Earth's surface have a variation or rhythm that can be measured in the field using a number of instruments and techniques. This chapter describes electronic field equipment that has increased our capacity to investigate sediment transport and fluid flows in coastal, fluvial, and aeolian environments. This equipment includes: (1) anemometers, velocimeters, profilers, and hydrophones for Eularian flow measurement; (2) traps, impact sensors, and backscatterance sensors for sediment transport measurement; (3) drogues, particle image velocimeters, and electronic tracers for measuring Lagrangian flow and transport; and (4) erosion pins, distance sensors, and sonar altimeters for measuring bed elevation change. Modern deployment of these instruments and past applications are described with respect to the spatial and temporal scale of the processes being examined, and the methodological and interpretative limitations inherent to field deployments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTreatise on Geomorphology
PublisherELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC
Pages195-221
Number of pages27
Volume14
ISBN (Print)9780080885223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Aeolian geomorphology
  • Coastal geomorphology
  • Fluvial geomorphology
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Instrumentation
  • Transport

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