Emotion regulation strategies in patients with psoriasis

C. Vari, P. Velotti, G. C. Zavattini, A. G. Richetta, S. Calvieri

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paperpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to examine emotion regulation strategies in patients affected by skin diseases. Emotion regulation strategies are processes that people use to cope with stressors (such as skin diseases). Literature sustains reappraisal to be associated with better interpersonal functioning and well-being, while suppression is not (Gross & John, 2003). Additionally, we aim to examine if these strategies are related with quality of life in dermatology. Methods: We conducted an observational study, 33 patients affected by psoriasis (mean age = 42.24; SD = 12.08) attending a dermatology clinic in Rome (Italy) and 33 healthy controls matched on gender (mean age = 36.64; SD = 15.07) were recruited. Inclusion criteria were years of education > 8 and age range 18–55. Participants completed a questionnaire for assessing emotion regulation strategies (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003). Patients affected by psoriasis also completed the DLQI (Finlay & Khan, 1994) to measure the impact of dermatological diseases on quality of life. Results: Data analysis pointed out a higher score for suppression in patients with psoriasis compared to controls (Mann–Whitney U = 327; p < .005). Moreover, we found a moderate negative correlation between the emotion regulation strategy reappraisal and the impact of psoriasis on patients' quality of life (r = − .471; n = 33; p < .01). Conclusions: Our results suggest that patients affected by psoriasis could have difficulties not only in understanding their emotions (Picardi et al, 2007) but also in regulating their emotions. In line with previous findings, this study supports the introduction of psychological assessment along with the medical consultation in order to plan an integrated treatment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

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