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Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa

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Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa. / Davies, Helen; Schmidt, Ulrike; Tchanturia, Kate.

In: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 13, No. N/A, 291, 07.11.2013, p. N/A.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Davies, H, Schmidt, U & Tchanturia, K 2013, 'Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa', BMC Psychiatry, vol. 13, no. N/A, 291, pp. N/A. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-13-291

APA

Davies, H., Schmidt, U., & Tchanturia, K. (2013). Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa. BMC Psychiatry, 13(N/A), N/A. [291]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-13-291

Vancouver

Davies H, Schmidt U, Tchanturia K. Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa. BMC Psychiatry. 2013 Nov 7;13(N/A):N/A. 291. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-13-291

Author

Davies, Helen ; Schmidt, Ulrike ; Tchanturia, Kate. / Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa. In: BMC Psychiatry. 2013 ; Vol. 13, No. N/A. pp. N/A.

Bibtex Download

@article{c97a346ec1af4ba0bc0d3df53f2b59bb,
title = "Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa",
abstract = "BackgroundRecent models of anorexia nervosa (AN) have emphasised the importance of social and emotional difficulties as maintenance factors of the disorder, however, empirical data are limited. The aim of this study was to examine whether altered emotional facial expression, previously observed in people currently ill with anorexia nervosa, is limited to the ill state or present in people recovered from the illness.MethodsThe sample consisted of 123 participants [49 AN, 21 recovered AN (RecAN) and 53 healthy controls (HC)]. Participants watched three films clips (amusing, neutral, sad) whilst their facial expressions were recorded and completed the positive and negative affect scale (PANAS) to record subjective experience. Facial expressions were subsequently coded for frequency of positive and negative expression and frequency of looking away.ResultsIn response to the amusing clip, AN participants showed significantly less positive expression than both HC and RecAN groups and both AN and RecAN showed more negative expression than HC with no difference between groups in looking away.In response to the sad clip there was no difference between groups in positive expression, but current AN participants showed significantly less negative expression than HC and looked away from the stimuli more than RecAN or HC.In terms of their subjective emotional experience, patients with current AN reported less positive emotion in response to both the amusing and the sad film clip. There was no difference between groups in subjective negative experience.ConclusionsAlterations in facial expression are present in people currently ill with AN contributing to the social difficulties found in AN and potentially exacerbating resistance to treatment. Some alterations in facial expression are found in women with a past history of AN but not to the same extent as those shown in the currently ill group. Future studies need to use a wider range of stimuli involving different emotions to corroborate findings.",
keywords = "Acknowledged-BRC, Acknowledged-BRC-13/14",
author = "Helen Davies and Ulrike Schmidt and Kate Tchanturia",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1186/1471-244X-13-291",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "N/A",
journal = "BMC Psychiatry",
issn = "1471-244X",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "N/A",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotional facial expression in women recovered from anorexia nervosa

AU - Davies, Helen

AU - Schmidt, Ulrike

AU - Tchanturia, Kate

PY - 2013/11/7

Y1 - 2013/11/7

N2 - BackgroundRecent models of anorexia nervosa (AN) have emphasised the importance of social and emotional difficulties as maintenance factors of the disorder, however, empirical data are limited. The aim of this study was to examine whether altered emotional facial expression, previously observed in people currently ill with anorexia nervosa, is limited to the ill state or present in people recovered from the illness.MethodsThe sample consisted of 123 participants [49 AN, 21 recovered AN (RecAN) and 53 healthy controls (HC)]. Participants watched three films clips (amusing, neutral, sad) whilst their facial expressions were recorded and completed the positive and negative affect scale (PANAS) to record subjective experience. Facial expressions were subsequently coded for frequency of positive and negative expression and frequency of looking away.ResultsIn response to the amusing clip, AN participants showed significantly less positive expression than both HC and RecAN groups and both AN and RecAN showed more negative expression than HC with no difference between groups in looking away.In response to the sad clip there was no difference between groups in positive expression, but current AN participants showed significantly less negative expression than HC and looked away from the stimuli more than RecAN or HC.In terms of their subjective emotional experience, patients with current AN reported less positive emotion in response to both the amusing and the sad film clip. There was no difference between groups in subjective negative experience.ConclusionsAlterations in facial expression are present in people currently ill with AN contributing to the social difficulties found in AN and potentially exacerbating resistance to treatment. Some alterations in facial expression are found in women with a past history of AN but not to the same extent as those shown in the currently ill group. Future studies need to use a wider range of stimuli involving different emotions to corroborate findings.

AB - BackgroundRecent models of anorexia nervosa (AN) have emphasised the importance of social and emotional difficulties as maintenance factors of the disorder, however, empirical data are limited. The aim of this study was to examine whether altered emotional facial expression, previously observed in people currently ill with anorexia nervosa, is limited to the ill state or present in people recovered from the illness.MethodsThe sample consisted of 123 participants [49 AN, 21 recovered AN (RecAN) and 53 healthy controls (HC)]. Participants watched three films clips (amusing, neutral, sad) whilst their facial expressions were recorded and completed the positive and negative affect scale (PANAS) to record subjective experience. Facial expressions were subsequently coded for frequency of positive and negative expression and frequency of looking away.ResultsIn response to the amusing clip, AN participants showed significantly less positive expression than both HC and RecAN groups and both AN and RecAN showed more negative expression than HC with no difference between groups in looking away.In response to the sad clip there was no difference between groups in positive expression, but current AN participants showed significantly less negative expression than HC and looked away from the stimuli more than RecAN or HC.In terms of their subjective emotional experience, patients with current AN reported less positive emotion in response to both the amusing and the sad film clip. There was no difference between groups in subjective negative experience.ConclusionsAlterations in facial expression are present in people currently ill with AN contributing to the social difficulties found in AN and potentially exacerbating resistance to treatment. Some alterations in facial expression are found in women with a past history of AN but not to the same extent as those shown in the currently ill group. Future studies need to use a wider range of stimuli involving different emotions to corroborate findings.

KW - Acknowledged-BRC

KW - Acknowledged-BRC-13/14

U2 - 10.1186/1471-244X-13-291

DO - 10.1186/1471-244X-13-291

M3 - Article

C2 - 24200423

VL - 13

SP - N/A

JO - BMC Psychiatry

JF - BMC Psychiatry

SN - 1471-244X

IS - N/A

M1 - 291

ER -

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