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Endothelial Plasmalemma Vesicle-Associated Protein Regulates the Homeostasis of Splenic Immature B Cells and B-1 B Cells.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Raul Elgueta, Dan Tse, Sophie J Deharvengt, Michelle Luciano, Catherine Carrière, Randolph Noelle, Radu V Stan

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3970
Number of pages3981
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume197
Issue number10
Early online date14 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016

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Abstract

Plasmalemma vesicle-associated protein (Plvap) is an endothelial protein with roles in endothelial diaphragm formation and maintenance of basal vascular permeability. At the same time, Plvap has roles in immunity by facilitating leukocyte diapedesis at in-flammatory sites and controlling peripheral lymph node morphogenesis and the entry of soluble Ags into lymph node conduits.
Based on its postulated role in diapedesis, we have investigated the role of Plvap in hematopoiesis and show that deletion of Plvap results in a dramatic decrease of IgM+IgDlo B cells in both the spleen and the peritoneal cavity. Tissue-specific deletion of Plvap demonstrates that the defect is B cell extrinsic, because B cell and pan-hematopoietic Plvap deletion has no effect on IgM+
IgDlo B cell numbers. Endothelial-specific deletion of Plvap in the embryo or at adult stage recapitulates the full Plvap knockout phenotype, whereas endothelial-specific reconstitution of Plvap under the Chd5 promoter rescues the IgM+ IgDlo B cell phenotype. Taken together, these results show that Plvap expression in endothelial cells is important in the maintenance of IgM+ B cells in the spleen and peritoneal cavity.

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