Endovascular salvage of thrombosed haemodialysis vascular access: 10 year tertiary centre experience

Ganesh Deogaonkar, Narayanan Thulasidasan, Rutuja Phulambrikar, Athanasios Diamantopoulos, Kiran Sran, Irfan Ahmed, Ioannis Loukopoulos, Narayan Karunanithy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Haemodialysis access thrombosis is associated with significant morbidity and access abandonment rates, for which endovascular salvage is a well described treatment option. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of endovascular salvage procedures of thrombosed vascular access circuits and identify factors influencing outcomes. Patients and methods: Retrospective review of 328 consecutive procedures performed over 10 years at our institution between January 2010 and December 2019. Patient demographics, access circuit characteristics, procedure details and outcome data were collected. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to estimate patency rates and Cox multivariate regression analysis to identify factors affecting outcomes. Results: Technical and clinical success rates were 87.8% and 75.9% respectively. The primary, primary assisted and secondary patency rates at 6 months were 42.2%, 46.7% and 59.1%; and at 12 months were 23.4%, 28.3% and 41.8% respectively. Median access circuit survival was 9.2 months. Major complication rate was 5.2% including 3 procedure-related deaths. Native AVF, lower time from thrombosis to intervention and pharmacomechanical thrombectomy using AngioJetTM predicted positive outcomes. Previous thrombectomy within 3 months and residual thrombus at completion were associated with poorer outcomes. Age and hypertension predicted higher complication rates. Conclusions: This is one of the largest single center series of endovascular salvage of thrombosed haemodialysis access and demonstrates that endovascular treatment is effective and provides durable access circuit survival. Careful patient screening is essential to optimize outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalVasa - European Journal of Vascular Medicine
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • AVF
  • AVG
  • endovascular salvage
  • Fistula thrombectomy
  • hemodialysis access

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