English as a Lingua Franca: concepts, use, and implications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


Sowden's article raises a number of questions concerning English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) and criticizes it as a simplified and culturally neutral means of communication. In this response, I address the issues concerning the conceptualization and use of ELF as well as the implications for ELT. I provide up-to-date evidence of ELF research and show the variability, richness, and creativity of ELF communication.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97 - 105
Number of pages9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


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