Enlightened reform in Portugal and Brazil

Francisco Bethencourt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The reform of royal finances, with the creation of the Errio Rgio, centralised state accountability with deep consequences at all levels of administration including overseas territories. In Brazil, private captaincies were suppressed; the autonomous state of Maranho and Par was abolished; a large judicial reform was implemented; new financial and fiscal institutions, juntas da fazenda, were created in each captaincy. The reform of the university included the introduction of natural law and the establishment of laboratories linked to the teaching of modern science. It was not solved by the transfer of the royal court to Brazil in 18071808, after the French invasion of Portugal, which carried with it the opening of the ports to direct foreign trade, the introduction of the main organisms of the state, print culture, industry, and colleges. Nuno Gonalo Monteiro develops his vision of the backward-gazing references that framed the political status of Pombal and his promotion to the titled nobility.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnlightened Reform in Southern Europe and its Atlantic Colonies, c. 1750-1830
PublisherTaylor and Francis Inc.
Pages41-44
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781317142874
ISBN (Print)9780754664253
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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