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Epidemiology and outcome of paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrests: A paediatric sub-study of the Pan-Asian resuscitation outcomes study (PAROS)

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Lai Peng Tham, Win Wah, Rachel Phillips, Nur Shahidah, Yih Yng Ng, Sang Do Shin, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Kwanhathai Darin Wong, Patrick Chow In Ko, Nalinas Khunklai, Ghulam Yasin Naroo, Marcus Eng Hock Ong

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
Early online date5 Feb 2018
Accepted/In press26 Jan 2018
E-pub ahead of print5 Feb 2018
Published1 Apr 2018

King's Authors


Background: The Pan Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS) is a retrospective study of out- of-hospital cardiac arrest(OHCA), collaborating with EMS agencies and academic centers in Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and UAE-Dubai. The objectives of this study is to describe the characteristics and outcomes, and to find factors associated with survival after paediatric OHCA. Methods: We studied all children less than 17 years of age with OHCA conveyed by EMS and non-EMS transports from January 2009 to December 2012. We did univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to assess the factors associated with survival-to-discharge outcomes. Results: A total of 974 children with OHCA were included. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation rates ranged from 53.5% (Korea), 35.6% (Singapore) to 11.8% (UAE). Overall, 8.6% (range 0%–9.7%) of the children survived to discharge from hospital. Adolescents (13–17 years) had the highest survival rate of 13.8%. 3.7% of the children survived with good neurological outcomes of CPC 1 or 2. The independent pre-hospital factors associated with survival to discharge were witnessed arrest and initial shockable rhythm. In the sub-group analysis, pre-hospital advanced airway [odds ratio (OR) = 3.35, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.23–9.13] was positively associated with survival-to-discharge outcomes in children less than 13 years-old. Among adolescents, bystander CPR (OR = 2.74, 95%CI = 1.03–7.3) and initial shockable rhythm (OR = 20.51, 95%CI = 2.15–195.7) were positive factors. Conclusion: The wide variation in the survival outcomes amongst the seven countries in our study may be due to the differences in the delivery of pre-hospital interventions and bystander CPR rates.

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