European Respiratory Society statement on frailty in adults with chronic lung disease

Christian R. Osadnik*, Lisa J. Brighton, Chris Burtin, Matteo Cesari, Lies Lahousse, Will D.C. Man, Alessandra Marengoni, Andreja Sajnic, Jonathan P. Singer, Lies ter Beek, Ioanna Tsiligianni, Janos T. Varga, Stefano Pavanello, Matthew Maddocks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Frailty is a complex, multidimensional syndrome characterised by a loss of physiological reserves that increases a person's susceptibility to adverse health outcomes. Most knowledge regarding frailty originates from geriatric medicine; however, awareness of its importance as a treatable trait for people with chronic respiratory disease (including asthma, COPD and interstitial lung disease) is emerging. A clearer understanding of frailty and its impact in chronic respiratory disease is a prerequisite to optimise clinical management in the future. This unmet need underpins the rationale for undertaking the present work. This European Respiratory Society statement synthesises current evidence and clinical insights from international experts and people affected by chronic respiratory conditions regarding frailty in adults with chronic respiratory disease. The scope includes coverage of frailty within international respiratory guidelines, prevalence and risk factors, review of clinical management options (including comprehensive geriatric care, rehabilitation, nutrition, pharmacological and psychological therapies) and identification of evidence gaps to inform future priority areas of research. Frailty is underrepresented in international respiratory guidelines, despite being common and related to increased hospitalisation and mortality. Validated screening instruments can detect frailty to prompt comprehensive assessment and personalised clinical management. Clinical trials targeting people with chronic respiratory disease and frailty are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300442
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

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