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Evanescent Gravitational Waves

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Original languageEnglish
Article number084046
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume101
Issue number8
DOIs
Accepted/In press31 Mar 2020
Published22 Apr 2020

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Abstract

We describe the properties of evanescent gravitational waves (EGWs)—wave solutions of Einstein equations which decay exponentially in some direction while propagating in another. Evanescent waves are well known in acoustics and optics and have recently received much attention due to their extraordinary properties such as their transverse spin and spin-momentum locking. We show that EGWs possess similarly remarkable properties, carrying transverse spin angular momenta and driving freely falling test masses along in elliptical trajectories. Hence, test masses on a plane transverse to the direction of propagation exhibit correlated vector and scalarlike deformation—correlations which can be used to distinguish it from modified gravity. We demonstrate that EGWs are present and dominant in the vicinity of subwavelength sources such as orbiting binaries.

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