Ex vivo cardiovascular magnetic resonance diffusion weighted imaging in congenital heart disease, an insight into the microstructures of tetralogy of Fallot, biventricular and univentricular systemic right ventricle

Cyril Tous, Thomas L. Gentles, Alistair A. Young, Beau P. Pontré

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Common types of congenital heart disease exhibit a variety of structural and functional variations which may be accompanied by changes in the myocardial microstructure. We aimed to compare myocardial architecture from magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in preserved pathology specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pathology specimens (n = 24) formalin-fixed for 40.8 ± 7.9 years comprised tetralogy of Fallot (TOF, n = 10), dextro-transposition of great arteries (D-TGA, n = 8) five with ventricular septal defect (VSD), systemic right ventricle (n = 4), situs inversus totalis (SIT, n = 1) and levo-TGA (L-TGA, n = 1). Specimens were imaged using a custom spin-echo sequence and segmented automatically according to tissue volume fraction. In each specimen T1, T2, fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, helix angle (HA) and sheet angle (E2A) were quantified. Pathologies were compared according to their HA gradient, HA asymmetry and E2A mean value in each myocardial segment (anterior, posterior, septal and lateral walls). RESULTS: TOF and D-TGA with VSD had decreased helix angle gradient by - 0.34°/% and remained symmetric in the septum in comparison to D-TGA without VSD. Helix angle range was decreased by 45°. It was associated with a decreased HA gradient in the right ventricular (RV) wall, i.e. predominant circumferential myocytes. The sheet angle in the septum of TOF was opposing those of the left ventricular (LV) free wall. Univentricular systemic RV had the lowest HA gradient (- 0.43°/%) and the highest HA asymmetry (75%). HA in SIT was linear, asymmetric, and reversed with a sign change at about 70% of the depth at mid-ventricle. In L-TGA with VSD, HA was asymmetric (90%) and its gradients were decreased in the septum, anterior and lateral wall. CONCLUSION: The organization of the myocytes as determined by DTI differs between TOF, D-TGA, L-TGA, systemic RV and SIT specimens. These differences in cardiac structure may further enlighten our understanding of cardiac function in these diverse congenital heart diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2020

Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Dextro
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Ex vivo
  • Levo
  • Microstructure
  • Situs inversus
  • Systemic right ventricle
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Transposition of the great arteries
  • Ventricular septal defect

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