INTRODUCTION: Osteo-arthritis (OA) involves joint degradation and usually pain; with mechanisms poorly understood and few treatment options. There is evidence that the transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5) mRNA expression is reduced in OA patients' synovia. Here we examine the profile of TRPC5 in DRG and involvement in murine models of OA.
DESIGN: TRPC5 KO mice were subjected to partial meniscectomy (PMNX) or injected with monoiodoacetate (MIA) and pain-related behaviours were determined. Knee joint pathological scores were analysed and gene expression changes in ipsilateral synovium and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) determined. c-Fos protein expression in the ipsilateral dorsal horn of the spinal cord was quantified.
RESULTS: TRPC5 KO mice developed a discrete enhanced pain-related phenotype. In the MIA model, the pain-related phenotype correlated with c-Fos expression in the dorsal horn and increased expression of nerve injury markers ATF3, CSF1 and galanin in the ipsilateral DRG. There were negligible differences in the joint pathology between WT and TRPC5 KO mice, however detailed gene expression analysis determined increased expression of the mast cell marker CD117 as well as extracellular matrix remodelling proteinases MMP2, MMP13 and ADAMTS4 in MIA-treated TRPC5 KO mice. TRPC5 expression was defined to sensory subpopulations in DRG.
CONCLUSIONS: Deletion of TRPC5 receptor signalling is associated with exacerbation of pain-like behaviour in OA which correlates with increased expression of enzymes involved in extracellular remodelling, inflammatory cells in the synovium and increased neuronal activation and injury in DRG. Together, these results identify a modulating role for TRPC5 in OA-induced pain-like behaviours.