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Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation

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Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation. / Bramham, Jessica; Ambery, Fiona; Young, Susan; Morris, Robin; Russell, Ailsa; Xenitidis, Kiriakos; Asherson, Philip; Murphy, Declan.

In: Autism, Vol. 13, No. 3, 2009, p. 245 - 264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Bramham, J, Ambery, F, Young, S, Morris, R, Russell, A, Xenitidis, K, Asherson, P & Murphy, D 2009, 'Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation', Autism, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 245 - 264. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361309103790

APA

Bramham, J., Ambery, F., Young, S., Morris, R., Russell, A., Xenitidis, K., ... Murphy, D. (2009). Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation. Autism, 13(3), 245 - 264. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361309103790

Vancouver

Bramham J, Ambery F, Young S, Morris R, Russell A, Xenitidis K et al. Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation. Autism. 2009;13(3):245 - 264. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361309103790

Author

Bramham, Jessica ; Ambery, Fiona ; Young, Susan ; Morris, Robin ; Russell, Ailsa ; Xenitidis, Kiriakos ; Asherson, Philip ; Murphy, Declan. / Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation. In: Autism. 2009 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 245 - 264.

Bibtex Download

@article{6475461056fd4e80b3e961632f66e04c,
title = "Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation",
abstract = "Executive functioning deficits characterize the neuropsychological profiles of the childhood neurodevelopmental disorders of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). This study sought to determine whether similar impairments exist in adults with ADHD (N = 53) and ASD (N = 45) in comparison with a healthy control group (N = 31), whether the two disorders can be distinguished on the basis of their executive functioning features, and whether these impairments are related to symptom severity. Both clinical groups were found to exhibit executive functioning deficits. The ADHD group had difficulty withholding a response, with relative preservation of initiation and planning abilities. In contrast, the ASD group exhibited significant impairments in initiation, planning and strategy formation. The specific executive functioning deficits were related to severity of response inhibition impairments in ADHD and stereotyped, repetitive behaviours in ASD. These findings suggest the pattern of executive functioning deficits follows a consistent trajectory into adulthood.",
author = "Jessica Bramham and Fiona Ambery and Susan Young and Robin Morris and Ailsa Russell and Kiriakos Xenitidis and Philip Asherson and Declan Murphy",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1177/1362361309103790",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "245 -- 264",
journal = "Autism",
issn = "1362-3613",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning and strategy formation

AU - Bramham, Jessica

AU - Ambery, Fiona

AU - Young, Susan

AU - Morris, Robin

AU - Russell, Ailsa

AU - Xenitidis, Kiriakos

AU - Asherson, Philip

AU - Murphy, Declan

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Executive functioning deficits characterize the neuropsychological profiles of the childhood neurodevelopmental disorders of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). This study sought to determine whether similar impairments exist in adults with ADHD (N = 53) and ASD (N = 45) in comparison with a healthy control group (N = 31), whether the two disorders can be distinguished on the basis of their executive functioning features, and whether these impairments are related to symptom severity. Both clinical groups were found to exhibit executive functioning deficits. The ADHD group had difficulty withholding a response, with relative preservation of initiation and planning abilities. In contrast, the ASD group exhibited significant impairments in initiation, planning and strategy formation. The specific executive functioning deficits were related to severity of response inhibition impairments in ADHD and stereotyped, repetitive behaviours in ASD. These findings suggest the pattern of executive functioning deficits follows a consistent trajectory into adulthood.

AB - Executive functioning deficits characterize the neuropsychological profiles of the childhood neurodevelopmental disorders of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). This study sought to determine whether similar impairments exist in adults with ADHD (N = 53) and ASD (N = 45) in comparison with a healthy control group (N = 31), whether the two disorders can be distinguished on the basis of their executive functioning features, and whether these impairments are related to symptom severity. Both clinical groups were found to exhibit executive functioning deficits. The ADHD group had difficulty withholding a response, with relative preservation of initiation and planning abilities. In contrast, the ASD group exhibited significant impairments in initiation, planning and strategy formation. The specific executive functioning deficits were related to severity of response inhibition impairments in ADHD and stereotyped, repetitive behaviours in ASD. These findings suggest the pattern of executive functioning deficits follows a consistent trajectory into adulthood.

U2 - 10.1177/1362361309103790

DO - 10.1177/1362361309103790

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 245

EP - 264

JO - Autism

JF - Autism

SN - 1362-3613

IS - 3

ER -

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