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Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology : A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. / Trott, Mike; Jackson, Sarah E; Firth, Joseph; Fisher, Abigail; Johnstone, James; Mistry, Amit; Stubbs, Brendon; Smith, Lee.

In: Journal of Addiction Medicine, 02.06.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Trott, M, Jackson, SE, Firth, J, Fisher, A, Johnstone, J, Mistry, A, Stubbs, B & Smith, L 2020, 'Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis', Journal of Addiction Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000664

APA

Trott, M., Jackson, S. E., Firth, J., Fisher, A., Johnstone, J., Mistry, A., ... Smith, L. (2020). Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Addiction Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000664

Vancouver

Trott M, Jackson SE, Firth J, Fisher A, Johnstone J, Mistry A et al. Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Addiction Medicine. 2020 Jun 2. https://doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000664

Author

Trott, Mike ; Jackson, Sarah E ; Firth, Joseph ; Fisher, Abigail ; Johnstone, James ; Mistry, Amit ; Stubbs, Brendon ; Smith, Lee. / Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology : A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. In: Journal of Addiction Medicine. 2020.

Bibtex Download

@article{1ab30466765e497caa7676a901d8ccb1,
title = "Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Exercise addiction (EA) can be debilitating and can be a symptom of an eating disorder. To date, the prevalence rates of EA without indicated eating disorders in the general population and associated correlates remain unreported.METHODS: Two authors searched major databases from inception to 31/12/2018 to identify studies investigating the prevalence of EA in any population without indicated eating disorders. We conducted a random effects meta-analysis to report (i) prevalence rates of EA using the exercise addiction inventory and exercise dependence scale and compare sub-populations, (ii) compare methods of EA measurement and explore heterogeneity, and (iii) report on correlates.RESULTS: A total of 13 studies including 3635 people were included. The prevalence of EA among general exercisers was 8.1{\%} (95{\%} CI 1.5{\%}-34.2{\%}), amateur competitive athletes was 5.0{\%} (95{\%} CI 1.3{\%}-17.3{\%}), and university students was 5.5{\%} (95{\%} CI 1.4-19.1{\%}{\%}). Overall prevalence rates varied depending on the EA measurement tool. EA subjects were more likely to have lower levels of overall wellbeing (only in amateur competitive athletes), higher anxiety levels, and have greater frontal brain activity.CONCLUSIONS: EA is prevalent in the absence of indicated eating disorders across populations but varies depending on measurement tool. Further research is needed to explore EA without indicated eating disorders in different populations using homogenous measurement tools, further determine psychological correlates, and examine which measures of EA without indicated eating disorders predict poor health outcomes.",
author = "Mike Trott and Jackson, {Sarah E} and Joseph Firth and Abigail Fisher and James Johnstone and Amit Mistry and Brendon Stubbs and Lee Smith",
year = "2020",
month = "6",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1097/ADM.0000000000000664",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Addiction Medicine",
issn = "1932-0620",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exercise Addiction Prevalence and Correlates in the Absence of Eating Disorder Symptomology

T2 - A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

AU - Trott, Mike

AU - Jackson, Sarah E

AU - Firth, Joseph

AU - Fisher, Abigail

AU - Johnstone, James

AU - Mistry, Amit

AU - Stubbs, Brendon

AU - Smith, Lee

PY - 2020/6/2

Y1 - 2020/6/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Exercise addiction (EA) can be debilitating and can be a symptom of an eating disorder. To date, the prevalence rates of EA without indicated eating disorders in the general population and associated correlates remain unreported.METHODS: Two authors searched major databases from inception to 31/12/2018 to identify studies investigating the prevalence of EA in any population without indicated eating disorders. We conducted a random effects meta-analysis to report (i) prevalence rates of EA using the exercise addiction inventory and exercise dependence scale and compare sub-populations, (ii) compare methods of EA measurement and explore heterogeneity, and (iii) report on correlates.RESULTS: A total of 13 studies including 3635 people were included. The prevalence of EA among general exercisers was 8.1% (95% CI 1.5%-34.2%), amateur competitive athletes was 5.0% (95% CI 1.3%-17.3%), and university students was 5.5% (95% CI 1.4-19.1%%). Overall prevalence rates varied depending on the EA measurement tool. EA subjects were more likely to have lower levels of overall wellbeing (only in amateur competitive athletes), higher anxiety levels, and have greater frontal brain activity.CONCLUSIONS: EA is prevalent in the absence of indicated eating disorders across populations but varies depending on measurement tool. Further research is needed to explore EA without indicated eating disorders in different populations using homogenous measurement tools, further determine psychological correlates, and examine which measures of EA without indicated eating disorders predict poor health outcomes.

AB - BACKGROUND: Exercise addiction (EA) can be debilitating and can be a symptom of an eating disorder. To date, the prevalence rates of EA without indicated eating disorders in the general population and associated correlates remain unreported.METHODS: Two authors searched major databases from inception to 31/12/2018 to identify studies investigating the prevalence of EA in any population without indicated eating disorders. We conducted a random effects meta-analysis to report (i) prevalence rates of EA using the exercise addiction inventory and exercise dependence scale and compare sub-populations, (ii) compare methods of EA measurement and explore heterogeneity, and (iii) report on correlates.RESULTS: A total of 13 studies including 3635 people were included. The prevalence of EA among general exercisers was 8.1% (95% CI 1.5%-34.2%), amateur competitive athletes was 5.0% (95% CI 1.3%-17.3%), and university students was 5.5% (95% CI 1.4-19.1%%). Overall prevalence rates varied depending on the EA measurement tool. EA subjects were more likely to have lower levels of overall wellbeing (only in amateur competitive athletes), higher anxiety levels, and have greater frontal brain activity.CONCLUSIONS: EA is prevalent in the absence of indicated eating disorders across populations but varies depending on measurement tool. Further research is needed to explore EA without indicated eating disorders in different populations using homogenous measurement tools, further determine psychological correlates, and examine which measures of EA without indicated eating disorders predict poor health outcomes.

U2 - 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000664

DO - 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000664

M3 - Article

C2 - 32496431

JO - Journal of Addiction Medicine

JF - Journal of Addiction Medicine

SN - 1932-0620

ER -

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