Experimentelle Untersuchungen zum Bruchdrehmoment kieferorthopädischer Minischrauben

Translated title of the contribution: Experimental investigation of the fracture torque of orthodontic anchorage screws

Susanne Reimann*, Mustafa Ayubi, Fraser McDonald, Christoph Bourauel

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives: In contrast to dental implants that remain in the bone, orthodontic anchorage screws serve as temporary anchorage for orthodontic tooth movement and are removed after completion of treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the stability of various commercially available orthodontic anchorage screws against torsion. Materials and methods: The torsional deflection of ten different orthodontic anchorage screws from different manufacturers [Ortho Easy Pin (Forestadent), Benefit, quattro (both PSM Medical Solutions), Vector TAS (Ormco), AbsoAnchor® (DENTOS Inc.), OrthoLox, Dual-Top JA (both Promedia Medizintechnik), TAD (3M Unitek), INFINITAS (ODS) and tomas® (Dentaurum)] was tested in vitro in relation to the rotation angle using a self-developed set-up. The screws were positioned in a resin model with bone-like material properties. Shear tests were performed using the manufacturers’ own screwdrivers. Ten screws each were turned manually until a sudden drop in the measured torque occurred. At this point, the screw head was twisted off. Fracture torque and the torque at which the screws deformed plastically were evaluated. Mean values and standard deviations were calculated. Results: According to the German industrial standard, the torque of orthodontic anchorage screws should reach at least 20 Ncm. The majority of the screws reached this nominal torque; however, a few screws fractured before reaching this value. Five screw types displayed plastic deformation below the threshold, at approximately 16 Ncm. Conclusions: The results suggest that orthodontic anchorage screws generally meet the requirements of the standard and ensure safe clinical use. However, according to the present data, it may be assumed that a portion of the screws will be plastically deformed upon removal.

    Translated title of the contributionExperimental investigation of the fracture torque of orthodontic anchorage screws
    Original languageGerman
    Pages (from-to)1-9
    Number of pages9
    JournalJOURNAL OF OROFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS
    Early online date20 Apr 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Apr 2016

    Keywords

    • Biomechanics
    • Deformation
    • Orthodontic anchorage screw
    • Patient safety
    • Stability

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