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Explaining all without causing unnecessary harm: Is there scope for positively framing medical risk information?

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-603
Number of pages2
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number3
Early online date15 Sep 2018
Accepted/In press14 Sep 2018
E-pub ahead of print15 Sep 2018
Published13 Mar 2019


King's Authors


Clinicians in the United Kingdom are now legally obliged to tell patients about every risk involved in prescribed medical treatments. Although important for informed consent, warning patients of risks such as side-effects can increase the incidence of these very side-effects, through the nocebo effect. Positively framing risk information could be a potential solution to this dilemma, and preliminary data has shown it is effective in healthy volunteers receiving a sham drug. Future research is needed to test its effectiveness in a clinical population.

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