Explanatory factors for the association between depression and long-term physical disability after stroke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: to identify explanatory factors for the association between depression at 3 months after stroke and physical disability at 3 years. Methods: data from the South London Stroke Register (1998–2013) were used. Patients (n = 3,612) were assessed at stroke onset. Follow-up at 3 months included assessment for depression with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (scores ≥ 7 = depression), physical disability (Barthel index) cognitive function, smoking habit, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) use, perception of recovery and social support. Physical disability was reassessed at 3 years. The associations between depression at 3 months and physical disability at 3 years were estimated with multinomial regression adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity, stroke severity and possible explanatory factors for the association (introduced in the models first individually and then sequentially): pre-stroke medical history and physical disability, cognitive function, smoking, SSRIs, perception of recovery and social support at 3 months. Results: one thousand three hundred and seven survivors were assessed at 3 months, of which 418 (32.0%) had depression. Survivors with depression had a higher physical disability rate at 3 years. These associations remained significant after adjustment for individual explanatory factors but were not significant after adjustment for combined explanatory factors. Physical disability at 3 months was a relevant explanatory factor for this association. SSRIs were associated with severe, relative risk: 6.62 (2.92–15.02) P < 0.001, and moderate physical disability, relative risk: 3.45 (1.58–7.52) P = 0.002, at 3 years. Conclusion: the association between depression and physical disability appears to be multifactorial. The use of SSRIs after stroke requires further research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1058
Number of pages4
JournalAge & Ageing
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Oct 2015

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Explanatory factors for the association between depression and long-term physical disability after stroke'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this