The study explores a clinical model based on aging-care parameters to predict the mortality of hospitalized patients aged 80-year and above with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In this study, four hundred and thirty-five CAP patients aged 80-years and above were enrolled in the Central Hospital of Minhang District, Shanghai during 01,01,2018-31,12,2021. The clinical data were collected, including aging-care relevant factors (ALB, FRAIL, Barthel Index and age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index) and other commonly used factors. The prognostic factors were screened by multivariable logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to predict the mortality risk. Univariate analysis demonstrated that several factors, including gender, platelet distribution width, NLR, ALB, CRP, pct, pre-albumin, CURB-65, low-density, lipoprotein, Barthel Index, FRAIL, leucocyte count, neutrophil count, lymphocyte count and aCCI, were associated with the prognosis of CAP. Multivariate model analyses further identified that CURB-65 (p < 0.0001, OR = 5.44, 95% CI = 3.021-10.700), FRAIL (p < 0.0001, OR = 5.441, 95% CI = 2.611-12.25) and aCCI (p = 0.003, OR = 1.551, 95% CI = 1.165-2.099) were independent risk factors, whereas ALB (p = 0.005, OR = 0.871, 95% CI = 0.788-0.957) and Barthel Index (p = 0.0007, OR = 0.958, 95% CI = 0.933-0.981) were independent protective factors. ROC curves were plotted to further predict the in-hospital mortality and revealed that combination of three parameters (Barthel Index+ FRAI +CURB-65) showed the best performance. This study showed that CURB-65, frailty and aCCI were independent risk factors influencing prognosis. In addition, ALB and Barthel Index were protective factors for in CAP patients over 80-years old. AUC was calculated and revealed that combination of three parameters (Barthel Index+ FRAI +CURB-65) showed the best performance. [Abstract copyright: © 2022 Lv et al.]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1379-1391
JournalClinical interventions in aging
Early online date20 Sept 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Sept 2022


  • Aging
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Pneumonia
  • functional status
  • Community-Acquired Infections
  • Prognosis
  • aging care
  • frailty
  • ROC Curve
  • CURB65
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Humans
  • China
  • Albumins


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