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Expression and location of IL-17A, E, F and their receptors in colorectal adenocarcinoma: comparison with benign intestinal disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yanbo Liu, Xuemei Sun, Xiaohui Zhao, Liping An, Zhuxing Wang, Jing Jiang, Weigao Shen, Xueliang Yang, Ying Sun

Original languageEnglish
JournalPathology Research and Practice
Early online date7 Mar 2018
StateE-pub ahead of print - 7 Mar 2018

King's Authors


The research aimed to investigate secretion, expression and location of IL-17 relative ligands, IL-17 relative receptors, infiltrating inflammatory cells and parenchymal structural cells in colorectal cancer (CRC) compared with ulcerative colitis (UC) and benign hyperplastic polyp. 29 human intestinal tissues with CRC, 17 with UC and 7 with polyp were stained using immunohistochemistry to evaluate immunoreactivity for IL-17 family relative ligands including IL-17A, E, F and their respective relative receptors such as IL-17RA, IL-17RB and IL-17RC. At the same time the infiltration of inflammatory cells including lymphocytes, phagocytes, mast cells and neutrophils and parenchymal structural cell changes involving vascular endothelial cells and CD90+ fibroblast cells were also evaluated using the same methods The immunoreactivity or positive inflammatory cells of all the sections were analyzed using professional image analysis software to determine statistical significance. The immunoreactivity for IL-17A, IL-17RA, IL-17E, IL-17RB and IL-17F showed significant decrease in CRC tissue when compared to UC (p = 0.00001. respectively). The reduction of above IL-17 relative ligands and receptors was accompanied by an obvious decrease in the number of infiltrating neutrophils and mast cells in CRC (p = 0.00001 and p = 0.007, respectively) but accompanied by a marked increase of CD31+ blood vessels (p = 0.001). The immunoreactivity of IL-17A, IL-17RA, IL-17E, IL-17RB and IL-17F and the numbers of infiltrating neutrophils and mast cells showed significant decrease in CRC tissues when compared to those in polyp (p < 0.05). In contrast, the immunoreactivity of IL-17RC and the numbers of CD3+ 1ymphocytes were elevated in CRC when compared with those in polyp (p = 0.0001, p = 0.007, respectively). In CRC tissues, positive correlations between IL-17A, IL-17RA with CD68+ macrophages were observed respectively (r = 0.621, p = 0.0001; r = 0.75, p = 0.0001). IL-17 cytokine family including ligands and their corresponding receptors were secreted and expressed by infiltrating inflammatory cells. Not only infiltrating lymphocytes but also increased blood endothelial cells were relative significantly to genesis and progression of CRC.

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