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Expression of Arg-gingipain RgpB is required for correct glycosylation and stability of monomeric Arg-gingipain RgpA from Porphyromonas gingivalis W50

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Minnie Rangarajan, Ahmed Hashim, Joseph Aduse-Opoku, Nikolay Paramonov, Elizabeth F. Hounsell, Michael A. Curtis

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4864-4878
Number of pages15
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume73
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

King's Authors

Abstract

Arg-gingipains are extracellular cysteine proteases produced by the gram-negative periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivatis and are encoded by rgpA and rgpB. Three Arg-gingipains, heterodimeric high-molecular-mass Arg-gingipain HRgpA comprising the α-catalytic chain and the β-adhesin chain, the monomeric soluble Arg-gingipain comprising only the α-catalytic chain (RgpAcat), and the monomeric membrane-type heavily glycosylated Arg-gingipain comprising the á-catalytic chain (mt-RgPAcat), are derived from rgpA. The monomeric enzymes contain between 14 and 30% carbohydrate by weight. rgpB encodes two monomeric enzymes, RgpB and mt-RgpB. Earlier work indicated that rgpB is involved in the glycosylation process, since inactivation of rgpB results in the loss of not only RgpB and mt-RgpB but also mt-RgpAcat. This work aims to confirm the role of RgpB in the posttranslational modification of RgpAcat and the effect of aberrant glycosylation on the properties of this enzyme. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins from WSO and an inactivated rgpB strain (D7) showed few differences, suggesting that loss of RgpB has a specific effect on RgpA maturation. Inactivation of genes immediately upstream and downstream of rgpB had no effect on rgpA-derived enzymes, suggesting that the phenotype of the rgpB mutant is not due to a polar effect on transcription at this locus. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight analysis of purified RgpAcat from WSO and D7 strains gave identical peptide mass fingerprints, suggesting that they have identical polypeptide chains. However, RgpAcat from D7 strain had a higher isoelectric point and a dramatic decrease in thermostability and did not cross-react with a monoclonal antibody which recognizes a glycan epitope on the parent strain enzyme. Although it had the same total sugar content as the parent strain enzyme, there were significant differences in the monosaccharide composition and linking sugars. These data suggest that RgpB is required for the normal posttranslational glycosylation of Arg-gingipains derived from rgpA and that this process is required for enzyme stabilization.

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