Expression of CD11c and EMR2 on neutrophils: Potential diagnostic biomarkers for sepsis and systemic inflammation

Sion Lewis, David F Treacher, Jonathan Edgeworth, Gaia Mahalingam, Carys S Brown, Tracey A Mare, Martin Stacey, Richard Beale, K Alun Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a need for cellular biomarkers to differentiate patients with sepsis from those with the non-infectious systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). In this double-blind study we determined whether the expression of known (CD11a/b/c, CD62L) and putative adhesion molecules (CD64, CD97 and EMR2) on blood neutrophils could serve as useful biomarkers of infection and of non-infectious SIRS in critically ill patients. We studied 103 patients with SIRS, 80 of whom had sepsis and 50 healthy normal subjects using flow cytometry to phenotypically characterise neutrophils in whole blood samples. Patients with SIRS had an increased prevalence of neutrophils expressing CD11c, CD64 and EMR2 in comparison with healthy subjects (p<0.001) but a normal expression of CD11a, CD11b, CD62L and CD97. An increase in the percentage of neutrophils bearing CD11c was associated with sepsis, EMR2 with SIRS and CD64 with sepsis and SIRS. Neutrophils expressing CD11c had the highest sensitivity (81%) and specificity (80%) for the detection of sepsis and there was an association between the percentage of neutrophils expressing EMR2 and the extent of organ failure (p<0.05). Contrary to other reports we did not observe an abnormal expression of CD11b or CD62L on neutrophils from patients with SIRS and suggest that this discrepancy is due to differences in cell processing protocols. We propose that blood neutrophils expressing CD11c and EMR2 be considered as potential biomarkers for sepsis and SIRS respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jul 2015

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