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Expressive suppression in psychosis: The association with social context

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Unyoung Chavez-Baldini, Marieke Wichers, Ulrich Reininghaus, Johanna T.W. Wigman

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0230102
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

As emotion regulation deficits have been implicated in psychotic disorders, it is imperative to investigate not only the effect of regulation strategies but also how they are used. One such strategy is expressive suppression, the inhibition of emotion-expressive behavior, which may be influenced by social context. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether the use of expressive suppression was associated with social context and affect in daily life and if this differed between patients with psychosis and controls. Multilevel models using experience sampling method (ESM) data of 34 patients with psychotic disorders and 53 controls from the Genetic Risk and Outcome in Psychosis (GROUP) project were conducted. Expressive suppression and social context were assessed once a day for six days and daily affect was averaged per participant per day. Social context was significantly associated with the use of expressive suppression in daily life, so that the use of expressive suppression differed when in the presence of familiar versus non-familiar company when receiving negative feedback. This finding did not differ between patients and controls. This demonstrates that taking the situation into account when studying expressive suppression, and emotion regulation in general, may improve our understanding of how regulation takes place.

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