External cervical resorption-part 1: histopathology, distribution and presentation

S. Patel*, A. M. Mavridou, P. Lambrechts, N. Saberi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


External cervical resorption (ECR) is the loss of dental hard tissue as a result of odontoclastic action. It is a dynamic process that involves periodontal, dental and in later stages pulpal tissues. Over the last two decades, ECR has attracted increased interest; this is in part due to novel micro-CT and histopathological techniques for its assessment and also improved radiographic detection using CBCT. This literature review will cover the aetiology, potential predisposing factors, histopathology and diagnosis of ECR. Part 2 will cover the management of ECR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1205-1223
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • cone beam computed tomography
  • external cervical resorption
  • histology
  • nano-CT


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