Extreme Eigenvalues and the Emerging Outlier in Rank-One Non-Hermitian Deformations of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble

Yan V. Fyodorov*, Boris A. Khoruzhenko*, Mihail Poplavskyi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Complex eigenvalues of random matrices (Formula presented.) provide the simplest model for studying resonances in wave scattering from a quantum chaotic system via a single open channel. It is known that in the limit of large matrix dimensions (Formula presented.) the eigenvalue density of J undergoes an abrupt restructuring at (Formula presented.), the critical threshold beyond which a single eigenvalue outlier (“broad resonance”) appears. We provide a detailed description of this restructuring transition, including the scaling with N of the width of the critical region about the outlier threshold (Formula presented.) and the associated scaling for the real parts (“resonance positions”) and imaginary parts (“resonance widths”) of the eigenvalues which are farthest away from the real axis. In the critical regime we determine the density of such extreme eigenvalues, and show how the outlier gradually separates itself from the rest of the extreme eigenvalues. Finally, we describe the fluctuations in the height of the eigenvalue outlier for large but finite N in terms of the associated large deviation function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
JournalEntropy
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • complex eigenvalues
  • eigenvalue outlier
  • extreme eigenvalues
  • non-Hermitian random matrices
  • resonance trapping
  • resonances

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