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Face perception in autism spectrum disorder: Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion

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Face perception in autism spectrum disorder : Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion. / Brewer, Rebecca; Bird, Geoffrey; Gray, Katie L.H.; Cook, Richard.

In: Cognition, Vol. 193, 104016, 12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Brewer, R, Bird, G, Gray, KLH & Cook, R 2019, 'Face perception in autism spectrum disorder: Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion', Cognition, vol. 193, 104016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104016

APA

Brewer, R., Bird, G., Gray, K. L. H., & Cook, R. (2019). Face perception in autism spectrum disorder: Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion. Cognition, 193, [104016]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104016

Vancouver

Brewer R, Bird G, Gray KLH, Cook R. Face perception in autism spectrum disorder: Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion. Cognition. 2019 Dec;193. 104016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104016

Author

Brewer, Rebecca ; Bird, Geoffrey ; Gray, Katie L.H. ; Cook, Richard. / Face perception in autism spectrum disorder : Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion. In: Cognition. 2019 ; Vol. 193.

Bibtex Download

@article{0ac71782fac94473af6c5a7be3f28915,
title = "Face perception in autism spectrum disorder: Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion",
abstract = "Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; autistic individuals) may exhibit atypical face perception because they fail to process faces holistically. In the context of this hypothesis, it is critical to determine whether autistic individuals exhibit diminished susceptibility to the composite face illusion, widely regarded as a key marker of holistic face processing. To date, however, previous studies have yielded inconsistent findings. In light of recent evidence suggesting that facial emotion cues increase the strength of the composite face illusion in typical individuals, the present study sought to determine whether the presence of facial emotion also modulates the strength of the composite face illusion in autistic individuals, many of whom experience difficulties recognizing facial expressions. We therefore measured composite face effects in a sample of autistic individuals (N = 20) and matched typical controls (N = 29) using an incidental emotion procedure in which distractor regions varied systematically in their emotion strength. As expected, the presence of facial emotion in the distractor regions of composite face arrangements increased the strength of the illusory distortion induced. The extent of the modulation by facial emotion was similar in the two groups. The composite effects seen in the ASD group were qualitatively and quantitatively similar to those seen in the typical group, suggestive of intact holistic processing in this population.",
keywords = "Alexithymia, Autism spectrum disorder, Composite face effect, Emotion, Holistic face processing",
author = "Rebecca Brewer and Geoffrey Bird and Gray, {Katie L.H.} and Richard Cook",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104016",
language = "English",
volume = "193",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Face perception in autism spectrum disorder

T2 - Modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion

AU - Brewer, Rebecca

AU - Bird, Geoffrey

AU - Gray, Katie L.H.

AU - Cook, Richard

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; autistic individuals) may exhibit atypical face perception because they fail to process faces holistically. In the context of this hypothesis, it is critical to determine whether autistic individuals exhibit diminished susceptibility to the composite face illusion, widely regarded as a key marker of holistic face processing. To date, however, previous studies have yielded inconsistent findings. In light of recent evidence suggesting that facial emotion cues increase the strength of the composite face illusion in typical individuals, the present study sought to determine whether the presence of facial emotion also modulates the strength of the composite face illusion in autistic individuals, many of whom experience difficulties recognizing facial expressions. We therefore measured composite face effects in a sample of autistic individuals (N = 20) and matched typical controls (N = 29) using an incidental emotion procedure in which distractor regions varied systematically in their emotion strength. As expected, the presence of facial emotion in the distractor regions of composite face arrangements increased the strength of the illusory distortion induced. The extent of the modulation by facial emotion was similar in the two groups. The composite effects seen in the ASD group were qualitatively and quantitatively similar to those seen in the typical group, suggestive of intact holistic processing in this population.

AB - Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; autistic individuals) may exhibit atypical face perception because they fail to process faces holistically. In the context of this hypothesis, it is critical to determine whether autistic individuals exhibit diminished susceptibility to the composite face illusion, widely regarded as a key marker of holistic face processing. To date, however, previous studies have yielded inconsistent findings. In light of recent evidence suggesting that facial emotion cues increase the strength of the composite face illusion in typical individuals, the present study sought to determine whether the presence of facial emotion also modulates the strength of the composite face illusion in autistic individuals, many of whom experience difficulties recognizing facial expressions. We therefore measured composite face effects in a sample of autistic individuals (N = 20) and matched typical controls (N = 29) using an incidental emotion procedure in which distractor regions varied systematically in their emotion strength. As expected, the presence of facial emotion in the distractor regions of composite face arrangements increased the strength of the illusory distortion induced. The extent of the modulation by facial emotion was similar in the two groups. The composite effects seen in the ASD group were qualitatively and quantitatively similar to those seen in the typical group, suggestive of intact holistic processing in this population.

KW - Alexithymia

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Composite face effect

KW - Emotion

KW - Holistic face processing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068372523&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104016

DO - 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104016

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85068372523

VL - 193

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

M1 - 104016

ER -

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