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Facilitators and inhibitors of transition for older people who have relocated to a long-term care facility: a systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth and Social Care in the Community
Issue number5
Early online date21 Sep 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Sep 2018


King's Authors


Moving into a long-term care facility to live permanently is a significant life event for older people. Care facilities need to support older people to make a healthy transition following relocation. To help achieve this we need to understand what facilitates and inhibits the transition process from the perspective of older people, their families, and care facility staff. Our review generated new knowledge to inform this understanding. We addressed the question: what factors facilitate and inhibit transition for older people who have relocated to a long-term care facility? Five electronic databases PsychINFO, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and Web of Science were searched for the period January 1990 to October 2017. Grey literature searches were conducted using Google Scholar, and Social Science Research Network. Data were extracted for individual studies and a narrative synthesis was conducted informed by Meleis’s Theory of Transition. 34 studies (25 qualitative, 7 quantitative and 2 mixed methods) met the inclusion criteria. Data synthesis identified that transition following relocation was examined using a variety of terms, timelines, and study designs. Potential personal and community focused facilitators and inhibitors mapped to four themes: resilience of the older person, interpersonal connections and relationships, this is my new home, and the care facility as an organisation. These findings can inform the development of interventions for these target areas. They highlight also that further research is warranted to understand the organisational culture of long-term care facilities, how this influences transition, and how it might be shaped to create and sustain a caring culture for older people.

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