Factors influencing cancer patients’ experiences of care in the USA, United Kingdom, and Canada: A systematic review

Saleh A. Alessy, Mohammed Alhajji, Janette Rawlinson, Matthew Baker, Elizabeth A. Davies*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
61 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The extent to which individual and structural factors influence cancer patients’ reports of their experiences are not yet well understood. We sought to identify which groups of patients consistently report poorer experiences and whether structural care factors might also be associated with better or worse reports. We conducted a systematic review of literature in PubMed and Web of Science with the date of last search as 27th of February 2022 following PRISMA guidelines. We focused on studies from three established population-based surveys datasets and instruments. After screening 303 references, 54 studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, being from an ethnic minority group, having a more deprived socioeconomic status, poorer general or mental health status, being diagnosed with poor prognosis cancers, presenting to care through an emergency route, and having delayed treatment were consistently associated with poorer cancer care experiences. Conversely being diagnosed with earlier stage disease, perceiving communication as effective, positive patient-provider relationships, and receiving treatment with respect were overall associated with better reports of cancer care experiences. Improvement efforts aimed at delivering better experiences of patient-centred care need to take account much more explicitly patients’ differing characteristics, prognoses, and trajectories they take through their care journeys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101405
JournalEClinicalMedicine
Volume47
Early online date21 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Patient experience
  • Quality of care

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