Purpose: This study assesses the potential for vascular-metabolic imaging with FluoroDeoxyGlucose (FDG)–Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) perfusion to provide markers of prognosis specific to the site and stage of colorectal cancer. Methods: This prospective observational study comprised of participants with suspected colorectal cancer categorized as either (a) non-metastatic colon cancer (M0colon), (b) non-metastatic rectal cancer (M0rectum), or (c) metastatic colorectal cancer (M+). Combined FDG-PET/CT perfusion imaging was successfully performed in 286 participants (184 males, 102 females, age: 69.60 ± 10 years) deriving vascular and metabolic imaging parameters. Vascular and metabolic imaging parameters alone and in combination were investigated with respect to overall survival. Results: A vascular-metabolic signature that was significantly associated with poorer survival was identified for each patient group: M0colon – high Total Lesion Glycolysis (TLG) with increased Permeability Surface Area Product/Blood Flow (PS/BF), Hazard Ratio (HR) 3.472 (95% CI: 1.441–8.333), p = 0.006; M0rectum – high Metabolic Tumour Volume (MTV) with increased PS/BF, HR 4.567 (95% CI: 1.901–10.970), p = 0.001; M+ participants, high MTV with longer Time To Peak (TTP) enhancement, HR 2.421 (95% CI: 1.162–5.045), p = 0.018. In participants with stage 2 colon cancer as well as those with stage 3 rectal cancer, the vascular-metabolic signature could stratify the prognosis of these participants. Conclusion: Vascular and metabolic imaging using FDG-PET/CT can be used to synergise prognostic markers. The hazard ratios suggest that the technique may have clinical utility.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging|
|Early online date||10 Apr 2021|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2021|
- Colorectal cancer
- CT perfusion