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Feasibility and effectiveness of nurses and clinical officers in implementing the WHO mhGAP intervention guide: Pilot study in Makueni County, Kenya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

V.n. Mutiso, K.m. Pike, C.w. Musyimi, I. Gitonga, A. Tele, T.j. Rebello, G. Thornicroft, D.m. Ndetei

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-29
Number of pages10
Early online date12 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

King's Authors


Objectives:(1) To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of nurses and clinical officers in using the mentalhealth Global Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) as an intervention tool in reducing disability,improving quality of life in the clinical outcomes in patients with the mhGAP-IG priority mental disorders in aKenyan rural setting. (2) To identify any gaps that can be contributed towards future research.Methods:This study was conducted in 20 healthcare facilities across Makueni County in the South East of Kenya.This county had a population of approximately one million people, with no psychiatrist or clinical psychologist.We recruited 2306 participants from the healthcare facilities in the catchment areas that had previously beenexposed to the community mental health awareness campaigns, while being subjected to screening for themhGAP-IG disorders. We used the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for adults (MINI-Plus) for DSM-IV confirmatory diagnosis on those who screened positive on the mhGAP-IG. We measured disability usingWHO-Disability Assessment Schedule II (DAS II), Quality of Life (QoL) using the WHO QoL-BREF, depressionusing Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), suicidality using The Beck Suicide Scale (BSS), psychosis using theWashington Early Recognition Center Affectivity and Psychosis (WERCAP), epilepsy using a seizure ques-tionnaire and alcohol and substance abuse using The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement ScreeningTest (ASSIST). These measurements were at the baseline, followed by the training for the health professionals onusing the WHO mhGAP-IG as an interventional tool. The measurements were repeated at 3 and 6 months post-intervention.Results:Of the 2306 participants enrolled in the study, we followed 1718 at 3 months and 1371 at 6 months afollow-up rate of 74.5% and 59.4% respectively. All participants received psycho-education and most dependingon condition also received medication. Overall, there was significant decline in disabilities, improvement inseizure control and improvement in clinical outcomes on the identified mental disorders.Conclusions:Trained, supervised and supported nurses and clinical officers can produce good outcomes using themhGAP-IG for mental health.

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