BACKGROUND: The WiSE-CRT system delivers leadless endocardial left ventricular (LV) pacing to achieve cardiac resynchronization therapy. The electrode is conventionally placed on the lateral wall, but implanting on the LV septum may have advantages, including capture of the left bundle branch, and improved battery longevity owing to reduced distance from the transmitter. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of leadless LV septal pacing via the WiSE-CRT system. METHODS: Two pigs underwent electrode implantation on the LV septum with subsequent anatomical and histological examination. Eight patients underwent implantation of the WiSE-CRT system with deployment of the electrode on the LV septum via an interatrial transseptal approach. RESULTS: Deployment of the electrode on the LV septum was successful in both animals. Histological examination demonstrated electrode tines in close proximity to Purkinje tissue. WiSE-CRT implantation with an LV septal electrode was successful in all patients. Biventricular capture was confirmed, with a significant reduction in QRS duration (187.1 ± 33.8 ms vs 149.5 ± 15.7 ms; P = .009). Temporary LV pacing achieved further QRS reduction (139.8 ± 12.4 ms), and in 4 patients the peak LV activation time in lead V5/V6 was <90 ms, suggesting left bundle branch capture. At early follow-up, the median LV pacing percentage was 98.5% and 5 patients (62.5%) improved symptomatically. The transmitter-to-electrode distance was lower than the distance to the lateral wall during acoustic window screening (8.8 ± 1.6 cm vs 11.9 ± 1.5 cm; P = .002). CONCLUSION: Leadless LV septal pacing with the WiSE-CRT system to target the left bundle branch appears feasible. Further study is required to assess the efficacy and safety of this technique.
- Cardiac resynchronization therapy
- Conduction system pacing
- Endocardial left ventricular pacing
- Heart failure
- Leadless pacing
- Left bundle branch area pacing